Madrid Pub Quiz

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Copyleft: feel free to use these questions in your quizzes. This is not a game, there’s no scoring, and questions are provided as a service only. Some answers are a little lengthy as players requested clarification. “NEW” means less than a month old. Spanish flags denote Spanish-based questions.

Science & Technology

Galileo Galilei
With thanks to Charles Ongeri for correcting the question
A variety of Apple (but spelled McIntosh)
With thanks to Rolland Willa for correcting the answer to this question
10 to the power of 10 to the power of 2 ( 10102 which is also 10 to the power of one hundred and can be written as 10100).
With thanks to Graham Jones for correcting the answer to this question
Kiwi or kiwifruit
With thanks to Suzy Fewtrell of New Zealand for expanding the answer
One tonne (or metric ton)
With thanks to David Heslop for correcting this question
10,000 (100×100 metres)
Mars (Olympus Mons, over 25,000m or 82,000 ft)
The killer whale (Orcinus orca), also known as the orca, and less commonly as the blackfish
Cloud cover (0 oktas is completely clear to 8 oktas completely overcast).
The Kelvin (not degree Kelvin)
It’s a mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid (optimally in a molar ratio of 1:3)
Fungus (ergot, a grain fungus that typically grows on rye)
The Onager (Equus hemionus) is a large member of the genus Equus of the family Equidae (horse family) native to the deserts of Syria, Iran, Pakistan, India, Israel, and Tibet. It is sometimes known as the Wild Asian Ass
Corundum (also known as ruby or sapphire when transparent)
Living together of unlike organisms
Isobath (or more mundanely, depth contours, or simply contour lines)
On a beach. It’s the skeleton of a species of burrowing sea urchins belonging to the order Clypeasteroida. Also known as a sea cookie or snapper biscuit in New Zealand, or pansy shell in South Africa.
The World Wide Web at CERN in Geneva
The stratosphere (with the Tropopause between them)
Saturn Ⅴ (Energia would in theory be more powerful but was launched with less power).
Sails (A small triangular sail set above the skysail in order to maximize effect in a light wind.)
Directly beneath it, it‘s the point of origin of an earthquake.
Nothing. After September 2, the next day was September 14, due to the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar.
Spirits (alcohol). A pony is half a shot. A jigger is a shot and a half. 16 shots in a pint.
Quarks
With thanks to Lucy Boulding for correcting the question
It’s a white odourless crystalline powder
Bright yellow or orange with reflective surfaces.
Computerised Axial Tomography
Structure, function and life of cells
Digital Versatile Disc
Frequency modulation
To test for colour blindness
Fear of everything
With thanks to Sam Jones PhD, South Wales, for correcting this question
The duckbill platypus, some shrews and the solenodon
With thanks to Jeff Hicks for correcting the answer to this question
Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) which has replaced Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
With thanks to Chris O'Byrne for correcting this question
Luna 9 (Луна-9) launched on January 31, 1966 (Luna Ⅱ struck the moon in 1959).
Taipei 101 (臺北101 aka Taibei 101). Burj Dubai became the tallest man-made structure in April 2008 and will become the tallest building once it is completed in late 2009.
With thanks to Remo Anniyan for updating the answer to this question
The Canis Major Dwarf Galaxy discovered in 2003 is classified as an irregular galaxy and is now thought to be the closest neighboring galaxy to the Earth, being located about 25,000 light-years (7.7 kiloparsecs) away.
Linus Pauling
With thanks to Russ Hall for correcting this question
Yes, 1.41 times as dense
A venom is injected by biting or stinging.
A resin, commiphora myrrha.
Meteor showers (third week in April, July – August, and mid-November).
Tungsten at 3,683K (3,410℃), Carbon doesn’t melt under normal pressure, it sublimes.
Once the assembly line was developed, only black dried fast enough. It was offered in other colours before that.
According to Wendy Northcutt, the Awards honour people who ensure the long-term survival of the human race by removing themselves from the gene pool in a sublimely idiotic fashion.
International Business Machines
The reduction in body temperature following death (Latin: algor – coolness; mortis – of death).
Delivers an electric shock to the heart and allows normal heart rhythm to be re-established
Fish have vertical tail fins and mammals have horizontal tail fins.
The Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence
Playing dead (playing possum)
In the palm of your hand or just above the genitals
Six: helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon.
Graphite and clay (mainly)
The Interpretation of Dreams (Die Traumdeutung).